Five Major Types of Alcoholics Gateway Alcohol Rehabilitation

About two-thirds of chronic severe alcoholics get help for their drinking. They are not meant as a diagnostic to determine if someone is suffering from alcoholism. Rather, they are meant to types of alcoholics further the study of alcoholism and guide future research and prevention efforts. Those within this group most likely would have fit into the Young Antisocial type earlier in their lives.

  • As is the case in other subtypes, those in the intermediate familial subtype not only struggle with drinking alcohol but other drug abuse as well.
  • The largest percentage of alcoholics fall into this group, as NIAAA publishes that 31.5 percent of all alcoholics in the United States fit this subtype.
  • Researchers found that about 62% of functional alcoholics work full-time, 3.6% are in school full-time, and 5% are retired.
  • Young adult alcoholics are most likely to be male and not seek treatment.

This subtype is the most likely of any to experience major depression, dysthymia, bipolar disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, and panic disorder. This group also is very likely to experience addiction to cigarettes, Marijuana, Cocaine, and Opioids. Chronic severe alcoholics usually have a family history of alcoholism and suffer from co-occurring mental health disorders at very high rates. This group tends to start drinking at the youngest age (around 15) and also develops an alcohol dependence at the earliest age (around 18). More than 50% of this group have traits of antisocial personality disorder.

The Type 1 Type 2 Model

That’s because they’re able to balance their drinking with their personal and professional life. Most of them experience acute alcohol withdrawal symptoms and have a hard time recovering. They are common emergency room patients, unlikely to maintain jobs and relationships. However, they do seek help and invest time and effort into their recovery, even though they often relapse.

A recovering alcoholic can certainly transition into becoming a recovered alcoholic. And while it might be helpful to categorize someone as a specific type of alcoholic in the beginning, it’s important to show support in whatever way they need to recover. They range in complexity from tests that only take a few minutes to complete to more comprehensive questionnaires that take a deeper dive into addiction. That’s why being able to recognize the signs of an alcohol addiction in yourself is the first step to preventing a serious problem from getting any worse. The tools below will help you spot these signs early on and learn to look past denial and accept the truth about your addiction.

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When they do get treatment, they prefer 12-Step programs to rehab clinics. For example, if you’re a functional alcoholic, outpatient treatment may work well for you. This would allow you to continue living and working as normal but receive treatment at the same time. Around 80% of people in the severe chronic subtype have a familial and genetic alcoholism link.

According to the figures from the study, only about 27% end up trying to get treatment, which puts it right in the middle as far as likeliness to get help compared to the other types. Young Antisocial Alcoholics are actually the second most prevalent type of problem drinker, though it’s close to Intermediate Familial and Functional Alcoholics. Around 21.1% of people who have an alcohol use disorder will fall into this subtype. The Young Antisocial Alcoholic is often around 26.4 years old but started drinking much earlier than others at around 15 years of age.

There Is Help Available For All Types of Alcoholics

This is the rarest and most dangerous type of alcoholism, making up 9.2% of alcoholics. They begin drinking around age 16 and develop alcohol dependence later, around 29 years of age. This group has the highest rates of drinking, consuming alcohol on an average of almost 248 days a year and binge drinking on 69% of them with a maximum of 15 drinks. Young adult alcohol dependents are 2.5 times more likely to be male than female.

  • This rapidly raises a person’s blood alcohol concentration (BAC) over the legal limit of 0.08 g/dL.
  • A smaller group also form habits related to more extreme drugs like cocaine and heroin.
  • Jellinek’s classic work on the different “species” of alcoholism (1960a, b), which is widely considered to be the first scientific alcoholism typology.
  • You deserve to get the care that will help you make your active addiction a thing of the past.
  • 2Treatment matching refers to the concept that alcoholics with specific characteristics will benefit most from certain treatment approaches.
  • The young adult type is the largest group in the list and is composed of individuals who started drinking at around age 19 and subsequently developed alcohol dependence at an average age of around 24 years old.

Family members and adults may assume that the young adult will then “grow out of it” and do not see the drinking as a potential ongoing or long-lasting issue. More than 80% of this group experiences acute alcohol withdrawal and persistent efforts to cut down, and more than 90% experience drinking despite the problems it causes them and drinking larger amounts and for longer than intended. This group also tends to spend significant amounts of time recovering from alcohol, and many experience reduced activities due to drinking. This group also sees the highest rate of emergency room visits due to drinking. The two manuals use similar but not identical nomenclature to classify alcohol problems. They usually begin drinking at 18, don’t become dependent until around 37.

Addiction recovery that’s built to last

At North Jersey Recovery Center, we strive to make your addiction treatment experience as comfortable as possible. If you are looking for treatment programs, contact North Jersey Recovery Center. If you are concerned about your drinking patterns or someone else’s drinking habits, the below questions are ones you may want to ask yourself or your loved one to determine if there is a problem or not. We know that one of the underlying risk factors for alcoholism is genetics.

About 75% have never been married, 36.5% are still in school, and 54% work full time. Approximately 22% have a first- or second-degree family member who is also dependent on alcohol. Compared to other types of alcoholics, young adults are less likely to have psychiatric disorders or legal problems. https://ecosoberhouse.com/article/how-to-stop-alcohol-shakes-tremors/ Close to 80 percent of chronic severe alcoholics have a genetic and familial link to alcoholism, meaning that a close family member also suffered, or suffers, from alcoholism. Chronic severe alcoholics abuse other drugs at higher rates than the other subtypes of alcoholics as well.